Richard Cradock (1640 -1712) | MAN AND OTHER FAMILIES (2023)

Richard Cradock (1640 -1712) | MAN AND OTHER FAMILIES (1)

Richard Craddock (1640–1712) was the brother of our direct ancestorSusannah Barnesand is therefore the great-uncle of all current (and many not) members of the Man family descended from Susannah. A site for the Craddock family can befound here.

About 1635 Tobias Cradock (1603–1671), Lawyer of Gray's Inn, married Susannah Bourne (1605–1697/96) and they had at least two children: Susannah (1637–1710) and Richard (1640–1712). Richard Cradock got marriedHester Palmeron 26 July 1666 at St Andrew, Totteridge in Hertfordshire. This was preceded by an alleged marriage on July 23 between:

Richard Cradocke of Hornsey, Midd., Mercht, Bachr, about 31, and Mrs. Hester Palmer of the same country, Sp., about 20, on their own, their parents having since died; at St. Mary Le Bow, London, or Totteridge, Herts.Marriage certificate below:

We have no record of Hester's christening, but we do know that according to her father's will, she was the youngest child of Andrew and Elizabeth (Hamey) Palmer and the granddaughter of Mathew and Ann (Raven) Palmer. Richard and Hester (Palmer) Cradock had several children (all baptized at St Mary's, Hornsey), including two daughters: Sarah (1667-1748) and Susannah (1668-1743) and two sons: William (1676-1746). ) and Richard Cradock (1684-1748). For details about the lives of these children, see The Families and Descendants of Susannah and Sarah Craddock.

The connection between the Palmer family and the Man family is somewhat involved and runs as follows: Richard Cradock's sister, Susannah, is marriedDr. Henry Barnes(1631–1701) and had one daughter, Susannah (1663–1737), who marriedJohn Balchen(1658-1721). John and Susannah (Barnes) Balchen had a son Richard (1692–1738) who married Martha Hitchcock (1698/99–1766) and had (among other descendants) a daughter Mary (1721–1798) who marriedJohn Mann(1718-1783) (d. h.Cradock> Barnes > Balchen > > Seg).

Richard Craddock began his career as a factor or agent for the East India Company. Your time in the company can be divided into three parts, chronologically and geographically. The first part was mainly spent in the city of Ahmadabad in India (1655–1662) and the second part in Persia (1662–1664). During his stay in India he traded with Shah Jehan, the builder of the Taj Mahal, and spent much of his time negotiating terms of trade with one or other of the Shah's rebellious sons. He spent most of his time in Persia negotiating with the King of Persia to keep the loyal Persian on his side, under a treaty that allowed the East India Company to levy taxes on ships sailing through drove the gulf. Details of Richard's career with the East India Company can be readHERE(<— pdf 59 pages). While negotiating with the Shah of Persia, Richard sent a series of letters to the East India Office detailing whether or not he was making any progress. The letters are not yet transcribed and are difficult to read: the first selection is legibleHERE(<— pdf); The second selection can be readHERE(<— pdf) and the third choice can beYou will find here(<— 18 pages in PDF format). The third and last phase of Richard's career began with his return to London, where he was appointed director of the company on December 20, 1664.

Richard was also a director of the Hudson Bay Company along with Sir Christopher Wren (to whom he was very distantly related). His involvement in the company is found in The Tale of the Beaver Hat, which deals with Craddock's claim to a hat originally intended for Charles II.Click here(<— pdf 7 pages). He was also a director of the Bank of England and the Royal African Company. Since the latter company was involved in the slave trade, it is said (possibly by Daniel Defoe) that Craddock liked to sleep "...with his prayer book in his left hand and a company prospectus in his right, so that neither knew what the other was doing sustainably."

In June 1712 Richard died at his home in Devonshire Square. Among the beneficiaries of his will was St Bartholomew's Hospital: 'I give and bequeath fifty pounds to the governors of St Bartholomew's Hospital for the benefit of the poor for the time being and belongs to said hospital. In a recent communication with St. Barts', the Archivist states: "We have a record of this donation [receipt dated April 27, 1713], which entitled [Richard Craddock], Governor of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and is actually engraved on one of the charity plaques , which adorn the walls of the Great Hall in the north wing..."

On July 23, 1666, Richard Craddock married Hester Palmer at Saint Mary le Bow, London. They had seven children, two of whom, our first cousins ​​William (1676-1736) and Susannah (died 8 September 1743), will be the focus of attention below.

John Blunt

Susannah Craddock had three husbands: first John Banner, then Benjamin Tudman and third Sir John Blunt (left). The latter was a director of the South Sea Company and chief architect of the project known as the South Seas Bubble. The poet Alexander Pope wrote the following about Susannah and John's marriage in his "Letters to Various Persons":

A quality nymph admires our knight;
He marries, bows to court, and is educated:
Get out of the boring cities and join in (to make the fair fun)
The well-behaved horns in the air of St. James:

Pope, like the majority of the populace of the time and later, viewed Blunt as the main protagonist in the drama in which thousands lost millions when the South Sea Bubble burst in 1720.

Susannah Craddock's second husband, Benjamin Tudman, was a goldsmith and also a director of the South Sea Company. He was a partner to Stephen Child, son of the banker Sir Francis Child, and when Tudman died Stephen Child took over his business. The company eventually grew into the firm of Willis, Percival and Co of 76 Lombard Street in the 19th century.

From Susannah Craddock's first marriage to John Banner descended our fourth cousin (X5) Charles Long, Lord Farnborough (1760-1830) as follows. Susannah's daughter Susannah married a wealthy London merchant named Abraham Cropp. In return, his daughter Sarah Cropp married Beeston Long. Thereafter, Charles Long is frequently mentioned in and along with the Cumberland LettersGeorge CumberlandIn 1784 he toured Wales, about which Cumberland wroteAn attempt to describe Haford.Charles Long was the third son of Beeston Long, a West Indian merchant, and Sarah Cropp. He entered Parliament in 1789 as MP for Rye and was Deputy Treasury Secretary from 1791 to 1801. In 1804 he became Lord Commissioner of the Exchequer and in 1806 Secretary of State for Ireland. He was Treasurer-General from 1810 to 1826, and when he retired in his last year he was knighted Baron Farnborough. From then on he devoted himself mainly to artistic activity and received the title "the Vitruvius of the present". His taste was on full display in the manor house he built at Bromley Hill, Kent. (George Cumberland described this house in a pamphlet that can be readHERE). In 1826 Long published a pamphlet entitled "Remarks on the Improvements in London" and several of the road improvements made in London were based on suggestions he had made. He died at Bromley Hill in 1838. He had been married to Amelia, daughter of Sir Abraham Hume, in 1793. Lady Long, who distinguished herself as an art judge and gifted gardener, died at Bromley Hill in 1837. She was a gifted amateur artist and exhibited frequently at the Royal Academy. Charles Long's wife, Amelia Hume, was an accomplished watercolorist.

Jane Long

Charles Long's sister Sarah (1749-1817) married Sir William Prescott, founder of a bank in 1766 - Prescott, Grote. Charles Long's brother Samuel Long (1746-1807) married the daughter of the 7th Earl of Lauderdale and his son, our fifth cousin (X4) Samuel Long (1799-1881), married Louisa Emily Stanley, sister of Edward Stanley, Lord Derby (1752-1834). Another brother of Charles, Beeston Long, was Governor of the Bank of England. At right is Susannah's daughter Jane Long.

On April 21, 1715 at St. Bride's Fleet Street, Susannah Craddock's brother William married Mary Sheldon. His father Daniel was a director of the East India Company at the same time as Richard Craddock. His uncle, Sir Joseph Sheldon, had been Sheriff of London during the Great Fire and was Lord Mayor in 1675. On his appointment as mayor, Samuel Butler (1612–1680) wrote a congratulatory poem to Sir Joseph Sheldon. Mary's great-uncle was Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury (1598–1677) under Charles II, and her aunt Catherine married John Dolben, Archbishop of York (1625–1686). She was therefore well connected in terms of church and business.

William and Mary Craddock had one daughter, Mary (1719-1745), our second cousin (X7), born 9 December 1740 at St. The bride of Fleet Street married his first cousin Gilbert Jodrell (Gilbert's mother was a Sheldon) . We know little about Gilbert Jodrell other than that he was a solicitor working in Chancery Lane specializing in bankruptcy. A 22-page brochure about the Jodrell family can befound here. Gilbert and Mary's daughter, Sarah Jodrell, our third cousin (X6), was born September 23, 1741. She may have been born in Ankerwyke, home of the Jodrells.

Around 1760 Sarah married Robert Child (1739-1782), whose grandfather Sir Francis Child (1642-1713) founded Child's Bank in 1671 and was Lord Mayor of London in 1698. Robert's uncle, Stephen Child, took over Benjamin Tudman's business. A one-page article about Child's Bank can beread here.

Robert and Sarah inherited Osterley Park from Robert's uncle, Sir Francis Child (c. 1684–1740). Robert Child is said to have had the largest private fortune in England in the 18th century, but so have a few others, such as Sir Gilbert Heathcote.

Horace Walpole described Osterley as follows:

On Friday we visited - ah, the palace of palaces! – and even a palace without a crown, without a crown, but what a hassle! such a taste! what abundance! … The old house which I have often seen built by Sir Thomas Gresham; but it is so improved and enriched that all the Percies and Seymours of Sion must die of envy. There is a double portico filling the space between the towers of the facade, as noble as the Propylaea of ​​Athens. There is a hall, a library, a breakfast room, a dining room, all of Adam's masterpieces, a 100-foot gallery, and a drawing room worthy of Eve before the fall.

The woman's dressing room The child is full of paintings, gold filigree, porcelain and Japan. The whole house is like that; the chairs are made of antique lyres and create an enchanting harmony; There are Salvators, Gaspar Poussins and, for a beautiful staircase, a Rubens ceiling. Not to mention a garden that costs 1,400 a year and a zoo full of birds native to a thousand islands. which I believe were borrowed from the Palácio do Sol; and then there's the park - the ugliest piece of land in the universe - and so I returned to Strawberry [Walpole's house] comforted. You will see these wonders when you first come to Twickenham.

On August 28, 1764, Robert and Sarah's only child, Sarah Ann Child, was born to Sarah, our fourth cousin (X5), from whom all of the families described below are descended.

Sarah disobeyed her parents' orders and fled to Gretna Green with John Fane (1759–1841), 10th Earl of Westmorland. John Fane has been described as "rough in spirit, manners and speech", which may explain Robert Child's objections. On hearing of his daughter's escape, Sir Robert gave chase in his carriage and was about to catch up with the fleeing couple when the Earl got up in his carriage, leveled a pistol at Sir Robert Child's lead horse and at the animal lap . . Shortly thereafter, on May 20, 1782, at the age of 17, Sarah and John Fane married the blacksmith at Gretna Green. Robert Child died a few months after his daughter's wedding, but was given time to change his will, which had some interesting consequences.

The Earl and Countess of Westmorland, John and Sarah Ann Fane, had several children (our fifth cousins ​​(X4)), three of whom went on to interesting marriages. The first and only son, John Fane (1784-1859), continued the title of Westmorland as 11th Earl.

The second, Sarah Sophia Fane (1785–1867), married George Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey (1773–1859). The third daughter, Mary (1787–1834), married John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough. Thus, these three noble families are all related to one another through Richard Craddock's descendant, Sarah Ann Child. Thus the Man family is today distantly related to some interesting families such as Fane, Villiers and Ponsonby via their Craddock ancestors.


The only child of the Child-Fane marriage was John Fane, eleventh Earl of Westmorland, who on 26 June 1811 gave birth to Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole (1793-1879), niece of Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and also a noblewoman, married . Minister.

Another of the Duke's nieces, Ann Wellesley, married William Charles Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, son of the Prime Minister William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland. On 28 December 1782 the Prime Minister's brother Edward married Elizabeth Cumberland, daughter of playwright Richard Cumberland and third cousin of Richard Dennison and George Cumberland, nephews ofMary (Balchen) male.

The youngest child of John and Priscilla Anne Fane, our sixth cousin (X3) Julian Henry Charles Fane (1827-1870) was a diplomat and poet. In 1866 he chose Lady Adine Eliza Anne Cowper (1843–1868), third daughter of George, 6th Earl Cowper, to be his bride. Lady Adine was extremely shy, which was hardly a recommendation for a diplomat's wife. But the marriage was a happy one, producing a daughter, Ettie, and a son, John (who died in 1876). Lady Adine, always tender, died of typhoid pneumonia on October 20, 1868. Her husband did not long survive her.

Their daughter Ethel (Ettie) Anne Priscilla Fane, our seventh cousin (X2), was born on June 27, 1867 and her parents died before she was three years old. She used to say that she never wore anything but black until she was five. She grew up extremely beautiful and had many admirers, but settled on solid value in the guise of sportsman and civil servant William Henry (Willy) Grenfell (1855-1945), whom she married on 17 February 1887; In 1905 he was created Baron Desborough. Ettie Grenfell was a leading member of the group of politically minded intellectuals known as the Souls. Arthur Balfour (a Prime Minister), the central character, was one of his closest friends. Osbert Sitwell called her the last of the great Whig hostesses. (Balfour's brother Gerald married Elizabeth Lytton, a direct descendant of Gilbert Jodrell's brother Paul.)

A granddaughter of John and Maria Fane and our seventh cousin (X2) - Mary Caroline Louisa Petty-Fitzmaurice - married Percy Egerton Herbert, 3rd Earl of Powis on 4th October and his son, our eighth cousin, became the 4th Earl of Powis (pictured). under).

Der 4. Earl of Powis


Under the terms of her maternal grandfather's will, Sarah Sophia Fane inherited almost all of the Child's Bank assets. The reason Robert Child disowned his daughter was, as we have seen, his great resentment at her marriage to a man whom he considered abominable, and his determination that no Earl of Westmorland should ever inherit Child's money. (Picture Lady Jersey)

On May 23, 1804, Sarah Sophia Fane married George Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey. In 1819 Lord Jersey, the fortunate beneficiary of Child's money, took by royal license the additional surname Child.

According to the Dictionary of National Biography (DNB), Lady Jersey's immense fortune influenced her character and those around her, who often found her frightening and overwhelming. Dark and attractive, she was talkative enough to earn herself the nickname "silence" and derision from her critics, wearying even her friends. One day a friend found her “remarkably endearing because she was quieter than usual.” Henry Greville opined that “it was his great enthusiasm and cheerfulness, and not his intelligence, that accounted for his ability to attract remarkable men, many of whom I grew up with listened with the utmost smugness to what they would have considered a blatant absurdity if it had been.” . assume less charming lips.” (DNB)

As the owner and senior partner of Child's Bank, Lady Jersey had a desk in the office and was an active partner, nor did she delegate her responsibilities to her husband or other men.

Their son, our sixth cousin (X3) and sixth Earl of Jersey, George Augustus Frederick Child-Villiers (1808–1859), married Julia Peel on 2 July 1841. She was the daughter of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel.

Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Child-Villiers (1822–1853), another sixth cousin (X3) and sister of George Augustus, 6th Earl, married Nicholas Paul Carl, 9th Prince Esterhazy (1817–1894) in 1842. She had several children and their descendants still run the Esterhazy family today.

The alliance between the Child-Villiers and Esterhazy families was all but dissolved by the latter when, delving a little deeper into the Earl of Jersey's past, they discovered, not amused, that what sustained the earldom was not so much blue blood was, but instead, the black ink flowed from the books of Child-Bank. The portrait by Franz Winterhalter shows Clementina Child-Villiers, Sarah Frederica's sister and also our sixth cousin (X3).

Victor Albert George Child-Villiers (1845-1915), the seventh Earl and also our seventh cousin (X2), married Margaret Leigh, a distant cousin of Jane Austen. Her daughter and our 8th cousin (X1) Mary Julia Child-Villiers (1877-1933) married Thomas Packenham (1864-1915), 5th Earl of Longford. Her son was Francis Packenham, 6th Earl of Longford and our ninth cousin. Lord Longford's sister Violet Packenham married writer Anthony Powell. A son, Arthur Child-Villiers, led the attack on Rifle Wood in 1918. You can find out more about Arthur herefound here(<– external link). (Thanks to PB for pointing out Arthur).


The third daughter of Sarah Ann Child and John Fane, our fifth cousin (X4) Maria Fane was married 16th November 1805 to John William Ponsonby (1781-1847), 4th Earl of Bessborough. Mary's mother-in-law was Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), whose sister Georgiana married William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire. A recent book followed by a film entitled Georgian details Cavendish's marriage. John William Ponsonby's sister, Caroline Ponsonby (1785–1828), married Prime Minister William Lamb, Lord Melbourne (1779–1848).

Henrietta Spencer

One of John and Maria Ponsonby's children, our sixth cousin (X3) Augusta Lavinia Priscilla Ponsonby (1814–1904), became the mother of our seventh cousin (X2) Charles Gore (1853–1932), Bishop of Oxford.

The portrait on the left is Henrietta Spencer, whose son married our fifth cousin, Maria Fane. John William Ponsonby's second cousin, Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby, married Prime Minister Charles Gray.

A note on Maria Ponsonby's sister-in-law, Lady Caroline (née Ponsonby) Lamb, who married the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne. The DNB states that she was a high-spirited eccentric who feared "none but the devil", she was a brilliant conversationalist: "A creature full of whims and impulses and whims, her manners, her speech and her character quickly changed colour. ' like a chameleon. Caroline married the Hon. William Lamb on June 3, 1805. Their tumultuous marriage caused a scandal in the 19th century and temporarily halted Lamb's political career. Caroline had open infidelities, the most notorious being a brief theatrical affair with Byron in 1812. She recorded her first impressions of the poet as "mad, evil, and dangerous to know". She died on January 26, 1828 at the age of forty-two.

emily cordeiro

Emily (pictured below), sister of William Lamb, Lord Melbourne, remained with the Lamb family and initially married the 5th Earl Cowper. They had one son, George Augustus Cowper (1806-1856), whose daughter was Adine Eliza. Anne Cowper married Julian Henry Fane (see above). After her husband's death, Emily Cowper married her longtime lover Lord Palmerston, another Prime Minister. The 5th Earl Cowper's sister, Emily Caroline Catherine Frances Cowper, married the reformer Lord Shaftesbury.

The heir to John and Maria Ponsonby was our sixth cousin (X3) John George Brabazon Ponsonby (1809–1880) who, despite marrying the daughter of the Earl of Durham and that of the Duke of Richmond, was unable to produce an heir. But he helped found Surrey Cricket Club (right image: Vanity Fair cartoon by John George Brabazon Ponsonby).

These are just some of Richard Craddock's descendants and the families they were married to.

The lives of two of Richard's children, Susannah and Sarah, have been examined in more detail and can be found here:

1.The FULL report. (<—512pagesthat takes oneLANGtime to download)
2.Susannah Cradock and her three husbands. (Part One)
3.Sarah Cradock, the Roffeys and Tyers families. (Second part)
Richard Cradock (1640 -1712) | MAN AND OTHER FAMILIES (8)
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